Lazarus Group Responsible for $100M Horizon Bridge Hack: FBI
The FBI has confirmed the involvement of North Korea’s Lazarus Group and APT38 in the $100 million Harmony Horizon hack last year.
The exploit of DeFi protocols was rampant in 2022, with cross-chain bridge hacks causing the most damage. Cross-chain bridge hacks accounted for 50% of DeFi hacks last year. Ronin Bridge, Poly Network, and Binance Bridge were prominent targets from which hackers exploited more than $500 million each.
Cross-chain bridges facilitate transactions between different blockchains without needing a centralized authority.
In June 2022, hackers exploited $100 million from the Harmony Horizon Bridge, the gateway between Harmony and other blockchains. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) confirmed on Monday through a press release that North Korea’s Lazarus Group and APT38 were behind the hack.
State-Sponsored Lazarus Group Stole $100M From Horizon Bridge
The FBI’s investigations, in collaboration with the National Cryptocurrency Enforcement Team, and other agencies, confirmed that Lazarus Group and APT38 were responsible for the $100 million hack. Lazarus Group and APT38 are cybercrime groups associated with the government of North Korea.
The hackers used the privacy protocol Railgun to sneak out over $60 million worth of Ethereum on Jan.13. The on-chain sleuth, ZachXBT, caught this activity and reported it on Jan. 16. The North Korean exploiters deposited the funds on three different exchanges, using 350+ addresses.
However, Binance and Huobi collaborated to stop the movement of the stolen funds and recovered over 124 BTC.
FBI has also listed some wallets that are currently being used to park the stolen crypto in the form of Bitcoin.
The FBI also linked Lazarus Group and APT38 to the $615 million Ronin Bridge hack last year. It is one of the largest crypto exploits of all time.
Does North Korea Uses Crypto to Fund Weapons of Mass Destruction?
North Korean hackers have been involved in multiple cryptocurrency thefts. The hackers linked with the nation have reportedly stolen over $1 billion worth of crypto assets in the last five years. Most recently, in Dec. 2022, North Korean hackers stole over 1,000 NFTs and 300 ETH.
According to the FBI press release, North Korea funds ballistic missiles and weapons of mass destruction programs through cryptocurrency thefts. Allegedly, the ex-Ethereum developer Virgil Griffith is helping the North Korean government with its malicious activities.
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BeInCrypto has reached out to company or individual involved in the story to get an official statement about the recent developments, but it has yet to hear back.